Achilles sent Patroklos into battle instead of going himself; now he bears responsibility for the death of his friend. Even so, Achilles remains a hero who is not easily understood. The most powerful warrior in The Iliad, Achilles commands the Myrmidons, soldiers from his homeland of Phthia in Greece.
Achilles deeply loves and trusts Phoenix, and Phoenix mediates between him and Agamemnon during their quarrel.
In terms of motive, Hektor is once again more understandable. His parents, the goddess Thetis and the mortal Peleus, invite all the gods to their wedding except Eris strife. At the funeral games he rejoins his fellow Achaians.
Arrogant and often selfish, Agamemnon provides the Achaeans with strong but sometimes reckless and self-serving leadership. Neither one "wins" in the sense that the ideas embodied in his character predominate at the end of the poem. He knows that if he avoids the war he can live a long life, but that if he fights, he will die young.
He knows he must die, but he also has a sense of the eternal. In response, Achilles withdraws from the war, producing greater strife, both personally and within the larger context of the war.
The text itself seems to support this means of judging character and extends it even to the gods. If the contrasting values of the individual versus society produce meaning, it is that both are necessary for a fully functioning community.
In each case, Achilles achieves a reconciliation that allows him to be reintegrated into both his the heroic community and the larger community of humanity. At this point, Achilles is on the threshold of complete alienation from human feelings.
Antenor argues that Helen should be returned to Menelaus in order to end the war, but Paris refuses to give her up. His extraordinary size and strength help him to wound Hector twice by hitting him with boulders. However, no simple explanation is possible.
Although his name often appears in the epic, Peleus never appears in person. Eris, however, like the evil witch in fairy tales, attends anyway and tosses out the golden apple marked, "For the Fairest. Though too old to fight, he has earned the respect of both the Trojans and the Achaeans by virtue of his level-headed, wise, and benevolent rule.
Though the Greeks erect their bulwarks only partway into the epic, Apollo and Poseidon plan their destruction as early as Book Though Achilles points out that all men, whether brave or cowardly, meet the same death in the end, the poem never asks the reader to question the legitimacy of the ongoing struggle.
He remains on the sidelines when his friends beg him to return. He questions himself in battle. The Impermanence of Human Life and Its Creations Although The Iliad chronicles a very brief period in a very long war, it remains acutely conscious of the specific ends awaiting each of the people involved.
This more elemental strife could lead to evil. A good life could be achieved by reconciling the factors that produced strife. Though he has a stout heart, Menelaus is not among the mightiest Achaean warriors.
He fears ignominious death from the River God but not death. Finally, Hektor is more human. Although her contempt extends to Paris as well, she continues to stay with him. The wrath of Achilles is based on each of these concepts. He treats Helen kindly, though he laments the war that her beauty has sparked.
Read an in-depth analysis of Achilles. Troy is destined to fall, as Hector explains to his wife in Book 6. His motivations seem to be superficial, based on booty and more deeply on idiosyncrasy.
The characters prize so highly the martial values of honor, noble bravery, and glory that they willingly sacrifice the chance to live a long life with those they love. Andromache seems to urge Hektor to leave the battle, but fleeing destroys the values of the society even more surely than fighting and losing does.
Readers see more of themselves in Hektor, the family man who cares about his commitments.Many characters have struggles with the power of their free will overcoming their fate, namely Caesar, Cassius, and Brutus.
Although in the end all three of those characters succumb to their fate, Shakespeare shows that there is. Contrasting the Gods in Homer’s Odyssey and the Biblical Book of Exodus Many authors have employed the religious beliefs of their cultures in literature.
The deities contained in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Biblical book of Exodus reflect the nature of the gods in their respective societies. A personified Fate or Fury answers to unclear questions about the human nature and inexplicable events.
Iliad has a consistent subject, based on Achilles wrath. In the center of conflict, shines the absolute hero, the ruthless winner, violent and courageous, but also the. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Iliad. materialism has been a prime concern for human beings.
Inherent in our human nature is the desire to improve ourselves. This originates as an individualist need for improvement. one of the few female characters in the Iliad, is part of perhaps one of.
Similarly, The Iliad recognizes, and repeatedly reminds its readers, that the creations of mortals have a mortality of their own.
The glory of men does not live on in their constructions, institutions, or cities. Divine Intervention in Homer's Epic Poem, The Iliad Essay; Divine Intervention in Homer's Epic Poem, The Iliad Essay mans actions and working through human nature. The gods are a higher power, and assistsd Diomedes greatly as she does the other characters in The Iliad.Download