In the product ion of sponge iron in India was Indian iron ore exports to China increased to 83 per cent in from 30 per cent in It is a low-capital, high-profit industry with short gestation.
But residents of affected communities complain that factories switch off these devices at night to save on energy costs.
Besides paddy, fruit-bearing vegetation like mango, lemon, papaya are coated in fly ash and coal dust for months, except when the rains come.
That was the seventh time he has done so over the last few years. Based on this, calling India the hub of one of the most polluting industries in the world would not be an exaggeration. But the process of extracting sponge iron releases many effluents in the air and water, drawing protests about air pollution and environmental damage from local communities.
This is a common response to questions raised about the impact of this industry. The loss of the forest also entails a serious blow to the socio-cultural life of the tribal communities.
Even the largest sponge iron plant in the country, belonging to Jindal Steel and Power Limited in Raigarh, has not displaced more than five-odd villages.
The country produced an all-time high of 20 million tonnes incompared to just one million tonne in due to the quantum jump in demand for steel for housing and infrastructure in the last decade. The sponge iron factory has not bothered to paved the short dirt road leading from the highway to it or sprinkle water on it at regular intervals, which is mandatory.
According to the ministry of steel, inthe installed capacity of sponge iron in India reached a whopping lakh tonnes, from 12 tonnes in More from the excellent Inter Press Service below the fold.
Ore-bearing trucks pass by the school at least times a day, leaving clouds of black dirt each time. Workers reported respiratory problems, chronic cough and cold, eye irritation, skin diseases, weakened vision and general debilities, anemia, indigestion, etc.
The sponge iron industry, say insiders, is partly to be blamed for the fiasco. Sponge iron has emerged as the viable alternative feedstock, produced through Direct Reduction of Iron DRIa process in which oxygen is removed from iron ore using coal or gas as the manufacturing base without need for a furnace.
The Orissa government is developing a cluster development programme, with the help of the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation UNIDOto improve productivity, reduce emissions and link the clusters with carbon credits under the Clean Development Mechanism.
These carcinogenic cancer causing wastes are emitted from the stacks or the chimneys in the plant. A majority of these units have sprung up in tribal or backward districts. Fast growing production The last ten years hundreds of iron factories were constructed in the centre of India.
But the process of extracting sponge iron releases many effluents in the air and water, drawing protests about air pollution and environmental damage from local communities. But the key policies that really gave an impetus to the growth of a deregulated and private sponge iron sector were: The country produced an all-time high of 20 million tonnes incompared to just one million tonne in due to the quantum jump in demand for steel for housing and infrastructure in the last decade.
More pictures traffic It is not just human health that is affected by the pollution; domestic animals, especially livestock such as cattle are also affected.
Employment promised at the time of commencement of the plant in the area is never given once that plant starts functioning.We quote from the book Sponge Iron Industries . More pictures iron factories (page 5) “India is the largest producer in the world of sponge iron, a product derived from iron and used to make steel.
The Comprehensive Industry Document on Sponge Iron Industry is one in the series that the Central Pollution Control Board has taken up for publication. Thus, in a. Angry Villagers Bear Pollution Costs of Sponge Iron Industry By Manipadma Jena | InterPress Service | Feb 5, At dawn, year-old Indian share farmer Gundicha Rout goes to the stone water trough in his backyard to wash his face and prepare for paddy husking.
He reaches out for the water, dipping into a thin film of oil on its surface. Pollution from the sponge iron industries is the core reason why communities rise in arms against this industry.
25 Various CSE Reports of inform us 1. In Odisha. Pollution is far worse in clusters, as in Orissa’s Sundargarh and Keonjhar districts, where 62 of the sponge iron units operate from five to seven unit clusters.
Besides paddy, fruit-bearing vegetation like mango, lemon, papaya are coated in fly ash and coal dust for months, except when the rains come. from the furnace of coal based sponge iron industry contains heavy metals like arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, copper, chromium, nickel, lead, zinc and mercury .
Thus, deposition of fly ash in the environment surrounding sponge iron plant leads to accumulation of heavy metals in the soil.Download