Each is, in effect, a kind of strategy. The weaknesses of the approach include the difficulty of deciding on the dimensions, arraying entities against dimensions, understanding how to fit the approach into a broader strategic planning process, and managing the politics of winners and losers. The model can be applied in public-sector organizations, especially at the program or departmental levels, but typically a number of adaptations are necessary.
An exception is Andrews et al. However, many public or quasi-public organizations are clearly in competitive environments. The outcomes studied typically have been performance-related, such as efficiency and effectiveness, but some studies focus on intermediate outcomes, such as participation and learning, and a small number focus on a broader range of public values, such as transparency or equity.
The strength of the approach is its ability to recognize and analyze key issues quickly. The US federal government is moving toward a reasonably comprehensive formal system Moynihan, The role of politics in these systems, however, cannot be ignored.
A third theme focuses on outcomes of strategic planning. Next, we consider more partial process approaches that are, in effect, strategies.
The model assumes there is a senior management group that is in charge and able to implement its decisions. Key Differences Between Public Sector public sector business planning Private Sector The following are the major differences between public sector and private sector: Studies of strategic planning in government do report mixed results.
Research results are somewhat mixed, but they generally show a positive relationship between strategic planning and improved organizational performance. On the other hand, NPM reforms also may conflict with more traditional bureaucratic controls that have been an important part of accountability requirements in a democracy Kettl, Article UK government issues Windows XP end of support advice Short-term mitigation advice for public sector organizations unable to fully migrate away from Windows XP prior to its end of support date.
In Public Sector, you have to pay lots of money to the government officers even for a simple work, for no reason. The system allows the various parts of the process to be integrated in appropriate ways, and engages the organization in strategic management, not just strategic planning.
For example, many services in most countries have to compete at least in some ways with businesses for customers. Many important issues emerge too quickly to be handled as part of an annual or less frequent process.
Some public organizations—such as hospitals, police and fire departments, and the military—often make use of relatively comprehensive formal strategic planning and implementation systems.
Partial Process Approaches Considered here are three partial process approaches. Logical incrementalism is applicable to public organizations, as long as it is possible to establish some overarching set of strategic objectives to be served by the approach.
Comprehensive Process Approaches Process approaches may be characterized as comprehensive or partial in what they consider. The primary weakness of the model is that genuine collaboration is difficult to achieve, as found by Vigar in transportation planning in England How should we do it?
Again in the private sector, where performance is king, the workload is much, but it keeps you active, this is missing in the public sector due to which the work sometimes becomes monotonous which creates boredom. The link between rationality and politics thus clearly merits additional attention.
Obviously, many different types of performance should be taken into account beyond fiscal measures Poister, In particular, much more knowledge is needed about what the actual process design features and social mechanisms are that lead to strategic planning success or not Mayntz, ; Bryson, In contrast, he emphasized the importance of incrementalism but only in support of overall organizational purposes.
These approaches rely on many of the same components discussed above but differ in that they emphasize fostering innovation and creating a more entrepreneurial culture within the organization.
Second a portfolio approach of some kind is often needed to allow strategic decision making for a portfolio of agencies or programs. These processes include empowered community visioning processes that create political mandates, negotiated rule-making, and environmental dispute resolution processes.
Fourth, we look at important themes in the research and implications for future research. Strategic planning as a framework for innovation. What should we be doing? Some are comprehensive process-oriented approaches i. What are the Outcomes of Strategic Planning? The approaches mentioned above may be thought of as generic—their ostensive aspect—but they must be applied contingently and sensitively in practice—their performative aspect.Strategy mapping in the public sector 3 Long Range Planning: CEO Perspective Strategy mapping in the public sector The Balanced Scorecard links strategic objectives and performance measures.
Working in collaboration with senior leaders, we help public-sector organizations set a vision for strategic outcomes, build a robust fact base, rigorously assess options under uncertainty, design an actionable plan, win support from key stakeholders, and evaluate progress from design through execution to ensure that strategies have lasting impact.
that public sector strategic planning in the United States is a “disciplined effort to movement is rooted in private sector business model logic which links profit maximization techniques to operational streamlining, organizational efficiency, and optimal resource allocation.
However, public organizations do not engage in strategic. Public sector business planning is an essential step to ensure the organization’s long term viability, success and sustainability. It is important to therefore have clearly set goals, action plans, financial strategies, and the managerial capabilities to ensure the best possible service is provided from the public funds available.
It sets out the process of identifying a clear vision, SMART objectives, strategies and action plans for public sector and not-for-profit organisations. Business planning is an essential process to ensure the long term future viability and. It is important to realize, however, that public-sector strategic planning is a set of concepts, procedures, tools, and practices that must be applied sensitively and contingently in specific situations if the presumed benefits of strategic planning .Download